POV, or point of view continues to present problems for writers. Here’s a description of all the points of view and how they are used. In my next post I’ll go into using deep point of view in your fiction writing and how much more imminent it makes your stories.
KINDS OF POINT OF VIEW
First Person: The “I” of fiction. The person is both character and narrator.
Second Person: The “you” of fiction. You are both character and narrator.
Third Person: Traditional “he” or “she” of storytelling. There are clear
distinctions between the characters and the author. More than one character
can be POV character. Beginners should stick to one POV per scene, though
experienced writers often have more.
There are three other types of third person POV. They are called the
Omniscient: The author can enter any character’s head, see through any
character’s eyes or muck around any character’s heart. This is not really “as
God,” because readers only need to be told as much as they need to know.
Normally, though dipping into all characters, a writer should stay with two or
three main characters to keep from muddying the waters and confusing the
reader as to who is most important. Not for beginners.
Limited: The protagonist is the only pov character. Writer is objective toward
secondary characters, but delves deeply into pov character’s heart and mind
and soul. This is an easy pov and one that beginners should try first.
Objective: A cool, impersonal tone is created and writer makes no value
judgments. Moral distinctions are left solely up to the reader. Writer is as
objective of the main character as he is of all the others. It’s like watching
someone else’s home movie. No internalization. This is rarely used in today’s
fiction except in experimental works.